Every year thousands of poor illegal miners, known as zama-zamas, risk their lives in South Africa’s abandoned gold mines. Many die in the process and most are at the mercy of ruthless organised crime syndicates.
Rare Earth Elements (REEs) are a group of 17 chemical elements in the periodic table that share many similar properties. As science progressed new applications for REEs were discovered, to such an extent that they have become some of the most common ingredients in modern technology. Today, REEs are vital to two of the world’s fastest growing industries: clean energy and high technology.